利用社區學院進 UW 的跳板將越來越難

UW to limit 2-year transfers from community colleges === 從 Seattle Times 的新聞 === In a move that will further restrict access to the state’s flagship public university, top community college graduates will no longer be guaranteed admission to the University of Washington. The change was announced yesterday by UW and community-college officials, who cited over-enrollment and state budget cuts as the reason for the new policy. It will take effect next summer and affects only the UW’s Seattle campus, not its branches in Bothell and Tacoma. The limits on admission come at a time when community colleges are seeing record enrollment, with many students planning to transfer to four-year colleges once they earn their Associate of Arts or Science degrees. “It is going to change the game a bit. There is no question that a lot of students want to transfer to the UW,” said Earl Hale, executive director of the State Board for Community and Technical Colleges. “A lot of students’ plans are at stake here.” Since 1988, state residents who completed a community-college degree with at least a 2.75 grade-point average were guaranteed a direct transfer to the UW’s Seattle campus. But UW administrators said the number of students who qualify for admission under that agreement has been increasing at a faster rate than the number of new enrollment spaces funded by the state. For thousands of students, the community-college route is a second chance, a way to get into the UW if their high-school grades weren’t good enough. And many students can afford college only by attending community college or a technical school for the first two years. “It worries me terribly that we will have students who won’t get in,” said state Rep. Phyllis Gutierrez Kenney, D-Seattle, chairwoman of the House Higher Education Committee. Although she blamed the Legislature for underfunding universities, Kenney fears the UW’s decision leaves the impression that the university is elitist. Already, it takes the equivalent of about a 3.7 grade-point average and a 1,200 SAT score for a high-school student to be automatically accepted at the UW. Only 18 percent of Washington students who took the SAT in 2002 met or exceeded that standard. And in 2001, the UW began restricting transfers of students with only one year of community college, even with GPAs of 3.5 or better. Previously, such transfers were almost always accepted. UW officials said this latest decision to ration access to community-college transfers isn’t a political move to protest state cuts, but rather a last resort to handle overcrowding. For autumn quarter this year, they said, applications were received from 1,938 community-college transfer-agreement applicants, and there is room for only 1,100 to enroll. Admission for 838 students has been delayed to either winter or spring quarter 2004. “It is a growing and emerging problem since the late 1990s,” said Tim Washburn, the UW’s assistant vice president for enrollment services. “It was like the perfect storm. The economy is bad. More students are graduating from high schools. Less state funding is available. And we have more students here at school staying on and completing their degrees because the work opportunities aren’t good. All those things combined have exaggerated the problem.” The UW has promised to continue to honor an agreement with the state’s community colleges that specifies at least 30 percent of its new undergraduates annually will come from Washington community and technical colleges. Still, hundreds of community-college students each year likely will not be admitted to the UW, even with GPAs above 3.0, many community-college administrators predict. College administrators estimate that many students will try to beat the deadline and complete their associate degrees in order to enroll at the UW next fall. UW admissions officials anticipate the rush and plan to tell 500 to 800 would-be transfers that they will not be admitted until winter or spring quarter in 2005. And the autumn-quarter application deadline has been moved from April 15 to Feb. 15 to allow UW officials more time for an extensive admissions review. The news of the change in policy will have a big impact at Seattle Central, North Seattle and South Seattle community colleges, where more than 1,200 students transfer to the UW each year. One fallout may be that many students will remain at community colleges longer, which would create further overcrowding in the community-college system, said Seattle Community Colleges Chancellor Charles Mitchell, who oversees the three Seattle colleges. The policy revision will not only make transfer admissions more competitive, but the popularity of students’ academic fields could also decide their success at getting into the UW. Transfer students will have a tougher time gaining entrance to high-demand programs such as the Business School or College of Engineering, while transfers who seek enrollment in the College of Forest Resources or College of Ocean and Fishery Sciences may stand a better chance because those programs are underenrolled. How far along a student is in meeting all the prerequisite classes may also affect their admissions standing. “If you say you are a business major, but you haven’t taken econ, you will get less priority than someone who did take econ,” said Jan Yoshiwara, director of education services for the State Board for Community and Technical Colleges. “It won’t be uniform,” Washburn said of the new admissions-review policy. Tan Vinh: 206-515-5656 or tvinh@seattletimes.com

Boeing Surplus Store

如果不想花大錢買電腦…反正就是會動, 可以上網, 寫作業就行了. 那要那麼好的機器? 也許你可以來 Boeing Surplus Store 逛逛. 這裡的貨除了沒有賣飛機零件外, 什麼都有. 大從車床, 金屬切割器, 到各式 Boeing 不要的二手家具. 不過最讓人心動的還是電腦, 尤其是筆記型電腦. 這裡的貨色品質參差不齊, 要眼觀四面, 多摸摸, 多看看, 有很多人專門來這裡揀好貨. 我覺得去 Boeing Surplus Store 就像去二手店, 算是一種樂趣. 因為要找到看上眼的機會不多. 每次如果有機會經過 Kent, 除了逛 IKEA, 有時候就”順便”去 Boeing Surplus Store 撿機會. Boeing Surplus Store 網站 地址: 20651 84th Ave S. Kent Washington (從北邊, 就是當去 Great Wall Mall 的大華時, 不要左轉進 Great Wall Mall, 繼續往南直行約兩英哩. 在右側)

子女的大學教育經費(美國版)

網站.

529 Plan:

每一位捐贈者可以每年投資至多 $10,000 元到受贈者.

捐贈者沒有收入的限制. 捐贈者也可以利用贈與稅的名義做免稅的捐贈(至多 $11,000 每個人)

帳號裡面所賺的錢是免稅的. 如果提出的錢是使用於受贈者的正統教育則也是免稅. (目前是 1/1/2002 至 12/31/2010, 除非國會延長免稅期限)

529 Plan 裡面所使用的錢只適用於高等教育(大學, 研究所, 社區學院, 技術學院)的任何花費(學費,住宿和教科書等等)

捐贈者控制他所捐贈的錢, 可以轉用於任何受贈者. (例如祖父母有 520 Plan 受贈者是第一位孫女, 當第一位孫女不再須要, 則可以轉受贈者至第二位孫子或者是非親屬的人, 重點是錢必須用於高等教育.)

有些 529 Plan 沒有年齡上的限制, 所以自己的 529 Plan 可以用於自己的高等教育.

529 Plan 是屬於各個州政府的高等教育計畫. 有些是州政府自己主持(Washington GET Program – Prepaid Tuition), 事先用現在學費價錢來預付未來讀的大學的錢. 只適用於自己州的高等學府. 有些是由州政府和投資公司共同主持(麻薩諸塞州的 U.Fund College Investing PlanFidelity).

有些 529 Plan 只限制本州居民, 大多數的 529 Plan 是可以讓外州居民投資. 不過一般都會對當地州的居民有較多的選擇和優惠.

由於 529 Plan 是州政府主持, 每個州的規定都不一樣. 一定要比較才可以找出適合的 529 Plan.

如要獲得更多資訊可參考下面網站:
www.savingforcollege.com
www.collegesavings.org

照片出處: Winona State University, Winona, Minnesota, 版主大學畢業的學校. 學校在 Minnesota 這一頭, 橋的那一頭 (照片上端綠色的部分) 就是 Wisconsin. 中間隔著密西西比河.

找駕訓中心嗎?

摘自 Bremerton 的報紙 The Sun. Ask other parents and their children about their experience with the schools in your area. Ask to see and then compare the required Traffic Safety Education course curricula with the school’s course plan or outline. The TSE course curriculum sets the minimum standard for all schools. A better school will exceed the minimum standards. Ask the school’s employees to tell you what makes their course the right one for your child. Their answers should emphasize the training and experience of their instructors, time spent in the classroom, and the time your child will spend driving and observing other drivers. Look at the cost of the course. If there is a significant difference in the price you will pay, ask for an explanation of what your money will buy and compare the programs of the different schools. This course is an investment, not just in your child’s education but also in his or her safety, and in the safety of everyone who rides with your child in the future. Visit the school and ask to see the classroom and vehicle used for training. Does it compare favorably with your own thoughts on the environment in which you want your child learning to drive? Ask to observe a class. 最重要的別忘了去 Department of Licensing, 看看那個教駕車老師的執照有沒有因故被取消.